Malaysia: Reserves

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Malaysia

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD

 Latest value 114.66
 Year 2022
 Measure billion U.S. dollars
 Data availability 1960 - 2022
 Average 38.57
 Min - Max 0.46 - 139.73
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Malaysia from 1960 to 2022. The average value for Malaysia during that period was 38.57 billion U.S. dollars with a minimum of 0.46 billion U.S. dollars in 1967 and a maximum of 139.73 billion U.S. dollars in 2012. The latest value from 2022 is 114.66 billion U.S. dollars. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 146 countries is 95.37 billion U.S. dollars. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Malaysia - Reserves - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Malaysia - Reserves - historical chart - 1960-2022




The reserves of Malaysia and other countries include their holdings of foreign currencies and gold. These are the reserves of the central bank and the treasury of the country, not the private sector.

When countries export products or attract investment from other countries, they receive foreign currencies. They use some of these currencies to buy imports and to invest in other countries. The rest is held in reserves and some of the reserves may be converted to gold.
Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 104.95 2021 percent
 Trade openness 146.66 2022 percent
 Financial openness -0.166 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 76.95 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 273.43 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 14.49 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 69.71 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 253.48 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 3.62 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 14.73 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 4,167.22 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 3.50 2022 percent
 Current account, in dollars 12.27 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 7.24 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars 20.44 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 114.66 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.40 2022 percent
 Remittances 1,619.58 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -3,386.63 2022 million USD
 Foreign exchange reserves 110.10 9/2023 billion
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