Malawi: External debt

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Malawi

External debt, percent of Gross National Income

 Latest value 25.83
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1980 - 2022
 Average 54.19
 Min - Max 10.84 - 178.1
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Malawi from 1980 to 2022. The average value for Malawi during that period was 54.19 percent with a minimum of 10.84 percent in 2010 and a maximum of 178.1 percent in 1998. The latest value from 2022 is 25.83 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 111 countries is 56.66 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Malawi - External debt - recent values

Historical chart
Malawi - External debt - historical chart - 1980-2022




The external debt of Malawi and other countries is reported as the total international obligations of the country as percent of its GDP. External debt of less than 60 percent of GDP is not a problem. At higher levels, paying the interest on the debt may start to become difficult.
Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 90.44 2021 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 1.43 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.19 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities -0.05 2021 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -2.80 2022 percent
 Current account, in dollars -1.54 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, in dollars -2.04 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 0.59 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 1.97 2022 percent
 Remittances 239.12 2021 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 681.83 2021 million USD
 External debt 25.83 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 2.72 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 30.01 2020 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 397.40 9/2020 billion
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