Madagascar: Gini inequality index

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Madagascar

Gini income inequality index

 Latest value 42.60
 Year 2012
 Measure index points
 Data availability 1980 - 2012
 Average 42.81
 Min - Max 38.60 - 47.40
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Madagascar from 1980 to 2012. The average value for Madagascar during that period was 42.81 index points with a minimum of 38.6 index points in 1999 and a maximum of 47.4 index points in 2001. The latest value from 2012 is 42.6 index points. For comparison, the world average in 2012 based on 83 countries is 36.45 index points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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Recent values chart
Madagascar - Gini inequality index - Recent values chart




Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Gini inequality index 42.60 2012 index points
 Poverty ratio 70.70 2012 percent
 Poverty at 1.90 USD per day 80.70 2012 percent
 Poverty at 5.50 USD per day 98.20 2012 percent
 Top 10 percent income share 33.50 2012 percent
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