Madagascar: Research and development expenditure

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Research and development expenditure, percent of GDP

 Latest value 0.01
 Year 2017
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1997 - 2017
 Average 0.12
 Min - Max 0.01 - 0.29
 Source The United Nations
For that indicator, we provide data for Madagascar from 1997 to 2017. The average value for Madagascar during that period was 0.12 percent with a minimum of 0.01 percent in 2014 and a maximum of 0.29 percent in 2003. The latest value from 2017 is 0.01 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2017 based on 93 countries is 1.03 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Madagascar - Research and development expenditure - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Madagascar - Research and development expenditure - historical chart - 1997-2017

The expenditure for R&D on the charts includes both private and public spending on research and development.
Definition: Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.

 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Innovation index 18.60 2022 points
 Research and development expenditure 0.01 2017 percent
 Information technology exports 0.03 2021 percent
 High tech exports 6.08 2022 million U.S. dollars
 High tech exports, percent of manufactured exports 0.66 2022 percent
 Patent applications by residents 6 2021 patent applications
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