Economic indicators for Laos

GDP and economic growth
Type
Latest value
annual
7.02


Time coverage
1985 - 2016
annual
15.81


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
2338.69


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
6073.22
GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2011 international dollars.

Time coverage
1990 - 2016
annual
1642.73


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
GDP components
Type
Latest value
annual
29.01


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
4.58
Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
10.18
Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
18.57


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
2.94
Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
32.51


Time coverage
1989 - 2016
annual
4.55
Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1989 - 2016
annual
1.23
Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1989 - 2016
annual
6.71
Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1989 - 2016
Money
Type
Latest value
monthly
103.88
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.

Time coverage
01 / 2000  - 05 / 2018 
monthly
76977.67
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler’s checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.

Time coverage
01 / 2000  - 03 / 2018 
monthly
0.12
The percentage change in the CPI from one month to the next.

Time coverage
02 / 2000  - 02 / 2018 
monthly
1.96
Percent change in the CPI from the same month last year.

Time coverage
01 / 2001  - 05 / 2018 
monthly
60661.23
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.

Time coverage
01 / 2000  - 03 / 2018 
monthly
5.39
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.

Time coverage
01 / 2005  - 03 / 2018 
monthly
8406.3855
The amount of local currency units that can be exchanged for one USD. An increase (decrease) means USD appreciation (depreciation).

Time coverage
07 / 2009  - 07 / 2018 
annual
8351.53


Time coverage
1960 - 2017
Labor
Type
Latest value
annual
3.60


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
annual
1.50


Time coverage
1991 - 2017
annual
0.61


Time coverage
1991 - 2017
annual
0.73


Time coverage
1991 - 2017
annual
1.71


Time coverage
1991 - 2017
annual
78.27


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
annual
49.76


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
annual
76.87


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
annual
79.71


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
International
Type
Latest value
monthly
-179.96
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.

Time coverage
03 / 2004  - 03 / 2018 
monthly
1522.32
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.

Time coverage
03 / 2012  - 03 / 2018 
monthly
0.98
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.

Time coverage
01 / 2000  - 03 / 2018 
monthly
351.70
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.

Time coverage
03 / 2012  - 03 / 2018 
annual
98.02


Time coverage
2000 - 2016
annual
74.75
Exports plus imports as percent of GDP.

Time coverage
1984 - 2015
annual
35.10


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
5.55
xports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
11.00


Time coverage
2001 - 2017
annual
42.49


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
6.99
Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1984 - 2017
annual
6.31


Time coverage
1985 - 2016
annual
1.00
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1985 - 2016
annual
-4.63


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
-7.76


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
-1.23
Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
-7.15


Time coverage
1984 - 2017
annual
-1.18
Net trade in goods and services is derived by offsetting imports of goods and services against exports of goods and services. Exports and imports of goods and services comprise all transactions involving a change of ownership of goods and services between residents of one country and the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
0.74


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
5.99


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
Government
Type
Latest value
annual
13.97


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
2.21
General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1984 - 2016
Forecast
Type
Latest value
annual
3.10
Year-on-year percentage changes in end-of-period consumer prices.

Time coverage
2000 - 2022
annual
-4.83
The current account is all transactions other than those in financial and capital items. The major classifications are goods and services, income and current transfers.

Time coverage
2000 - 2022
annual
7.00
Year-on-year percent changes in constant price GDP. The base year is country-specific. Expenditure-based GDP is the total final expenditure at purchasers prices including the f.o.b. value of exports of goods and services, less the f.o.b. value of imports of goods and services.

Time coverage
1980 - 2022
Governance
Type
Latest value
annual
-0.77
The index for Rule of Law captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
-0.39
The index of Government Effectiveness captures perceptions of the quality of public services, the quality of the civil service and the degree of its independence from political pressures, the quality of policy formulation and implementation, and the credibility of the government's commitment to such policies.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
-0.93
The index for Control of Corruption captures perceptions of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as capture of the state by elites and private interests.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
-0.73
The index of Regulatory Quality captures perceptions of the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
-1.73
The index for Voice and Accountability captures perceptions of the extent to which the citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
0.50
The index of Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism. The index is an average of several other indexes from the Economist Intelligence Unit, the World Economic Forum, and the Political Risk Services, among others.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
30
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption. The indicator values are determined by using information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions.

Time coverage
2005 - 2016
annual
7
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).

Time coverage
1972 - 2016
annual
6
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).

Time coverage
1972 - 2016
annual
27.50


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
Taxes
Type
Latest value
annual
12.94


Time coverage
2008 - 2016
annual
26.20


Time coverage
2005 - 2017
annual
362


Time coverage
2005 - 2017
annual
35


Time coverage
2005 - 2017
Country risk
Type
Latest value
annual
6
Short Term political risk = Political risk related to short-term export transactions. Political risk covers the risks of foreign exchange shortages, wars, revolutions, natural disasters and arbitrary government actions. Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk) reflecting the intensity of political risk.

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
annual
6.0
Long Term political risk = Political risk related to export transactions with a credit period of more than two years. Political risk covers the risks of foreign exchange shortages, wars, revolutions, natural disasters and arbitrary government actions. Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk) reflecting the intensity of political risk.

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
annual
6
Special cash transactions are mainly contracting works and projects with long realization periods but payable on a cash basis as the work progresses. Political risk covers the risks of foreign exchange shortages, wars, revolutions, natural disasters and arbitrary government actions Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk) reflecting the intensity of political risk.

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
annual
6
Transfer risk = Political risk related to countries’ solvency. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
annual
4
Risk of expropriation and government action = The risk of expropriation and government action covers the risks of expropriation, breach of contract by the government, a possible negative change of attitude towards foreign investors, and also risks related to the functioning of the judiciary system. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
annual
3
War Risk = War risk covers the risks of external conflicts and the risks of domestic political violence. Domestic political violence includes terrorism, civil unrest, socio-economic conflicts, racial and ethnic tension and the extreme case of civil war. Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk) reflecting the intensity of war risk.

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
Shares of world totals
Type
Latest value
annual
0.09
The population share of a particular country is measured as its population as percent of the total world population in a given year. Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Time coverage
1960 - 2015
annual
0.02
We calculated the world GDP as the sum of the GDP of all countries expressed in current USD. The share of GDP is the GDP of a particular country as percent of the world GDP. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.

Time coverage
1984 - 2015
annual
0.02
The share of world exports equals the exports of a particular country as percent of the total exports of all countries around the world. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1990 - 2015
annual
0.03
The share of world exports equals the exports of a particular country as percent of the total exports of all countries around the world. Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1990 - 2014
annual
0.05
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1993 - 2015
External debt
Type
Latest value
annual
93.08


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
3.01


Time coverage
1970 - 2016
annual
5.02


Time coverage
1970 - 2016
annual
17.96


Time coverage
1970 - 2016
Infrastructure and transport
Type
Latest value
annual
24426


Time coverage
2003 - 2016
annual
3.96


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
58.57


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
1.20


Time coverage
1970 - 2017
annual
3116
The indicator estimates the number of new passenger car registrations and sales that took place within a country in a year. Passenger cars are road motor vehicles, other than a motor cycle, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine persons (including the driver).

Time coverage
2005 - 2017
annual
6669
The indicator estimates the number of new commercial vehicle registrations and sales that took place within a country in a year. Commercial vehicles include light commercial vehicles, heavy trucks, coaches and buses (except for some countries in which the buses or heavy trucks data are not available).

Time coverage
2005 - 2017
annual
2.18
The Quality of port infrastrucutre indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of port facilities in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for port infrastrucutre quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the port facilities and inland waterways in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, the respondents are asked to rate the access to port facilities and inland waterways on a scale from 1 (impossible) to 7 (easy). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.

Time coverage
2013 - 2015
annual
2.85
International Internet bandwidth is the sum of the capacity of all Internet exchanges offering international bandwidth measured in kilobits per second (kb/s).

Time coverage
2014 - 2016
annual
3.80
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for air transport infrastructure quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.

Time coverage
2013 - 2015
annual
96.00
Mobile network coverage measures the percentage of inhabitants who are within range of a mobile cellular signal, irrespective of whether or not they are subscribers. This is calculated by dividing the number of inhabitants within range of a mobile cellular signal by the total population.

Time coverage
2014 - 2016
annual
3.62
The Road quality indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The road quality indicator score is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.

Time coverage
2013 - 2015
Energy and environment
Type
Latest value
annual
0.93


Time coverage
1998 - 2016
annual
0.80


Time coverage
1998 - 2016
annual
1955


Time coverage
1960 - 2014
annual
0.30


Time coverage
1960 - 2014
annual
9.47


Time coverage
1984 - 2016
annual
87.10


Time coverage
1990 - 2016
Agriculture
Type
Latest value
annual
81.3


Time coverage
1990 - 2015
annual
10.26


Time coverage
1961 - 2015
annual
61.34


Time coverage
1991 - 2017
annual
2.72


Time coverage
1989 - 2016
annual
927.27


Time coverage
2000 - 2016
annual
23690


Time coverage
1961 - 2015
annual
208.0


Time coverage
1961 - 2014
annual
1834


Time coverage
1962 - 2014
annual
6.6


Time coverage
1961 - 2015
annual
4627


Time coverage
1961 - 2016
annual
182.7


Time coverage
1961 - 2014
annual
60.35


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
122.6


Time coverage
1961 - 2014
annual
187614.1


Time coverage
1990 - 2015
Banking system access
Type
Latest value
annual
24.28
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.

Time coverage
2008 - 2016
annual
451.29
Number of depositors with commercial banks per 1,000 adults.

Time coverage
2010 - 2015
annual
3.10
The percentage of respondents with a credit card (% age 15+). The data are from the World bank Global Financial Inclusion survey.

Time coverage
2011 - 2011
annual
6.48
The percentage of respondents with a debit card (% age 15+). Data are from the World Bank Global Financial Inclusion survey.

Time coverage
2011 - 2011
annual
2.93
Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults.

Time coverage
2004 - 2015
Banking system stability
Type
Latest value
annual
70.99
The financial resources provided to the private sector by domestic money banks as a share of total deposits. Domestic money banks comprise commercial banks and other financial institutions that accept transferable deposits, such as demand deposits. Total deposits include demand, time and saving deposits in deposit money banks.

Time coverage
1989 - 2010
annual
6.17
The index captures the probability of default of a country's banking system. Z-score compares the buffer of a country's banking system (capitalization and returns) with the volatility of those returns. It is estimated as (ROA+(equity/assets))/sd(ROA); sd(ROA) is the standard deviation of ROA. ROA, equity, and assets are country-level aggregate figures. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
1998 - 2015
annual
38.60
The ratio of the value of liquid assets (easily converted to cash) to short-term funding plus total deposits. Liquid assets include cash and due from banks, trading securities and at fair value through income, loans and advances to banks, reverse repos and cash collaterals. Deposits and short term funding includes total customer deposits (current, savings and term) and short term borrowing (money market instruments, CDs and other deposits).

Time coverage
1998 - 2015
Banking system efficiency
Type
Latest value
annual
3.04
Operating expenses of a bank as a share of the value of all assets held. Total assets include total earning assets, cash and due from banks, foreclosed real estate, fixed assets, goodwill, other intangibles, current tax assets, deferred tax assets, discontinued operations and other assets. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
2003 - 2013
annual
19.61
Difference between the lending rate and the deposit rate. The lending rate is the rate charged by banks on loans to the private sector and the deposit interest rate is the rate offered by commercial banks on three-month deposits.

Time coverage
1991 - 2010
annual
0.68
Commercial banks’ pre-tax income to yearly averaged total assets. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
2003 - 2015
annual
25.09
Commercial banks’ pre-tax income to yearly averaged equity. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
2006 - 2013
annual
32.05
Bank’s income that has been generated by noninterest related activities as a percentage of total income (net-interest income plus noninterest income). Noninterest related income includes net gains on trading and derivatives, net gains on other securities, net fees and commissions and other operating income. The number is only calculated when net-interest income is not negative. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
1998 - 2013
annual
2.31
Accounting value of bank's net interest revenue as a share of its average interest-bearing (total earning) assets. The numerator and denominator are aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
2005 - 2015
annual
68.07
Operating expenses of a bank as a share of the sum of net-interest revenue and other operating income. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
1998 - 2015
Banking system depth
Type
Latest value
annual
20.92


Time coverage
1989 - 2010
annual
33.16
Ratio of liquid liabilities to GDP. Liquid liabilities are also known as broad money, or M3. They are the sum of currency and deposits in the central bank (M0), plus transferable deposits and electronic currency (M1), plus time and savings deposits, foreign currency transferable deposits, certificates of deposit, and securities repurchase agreements (M2), plus travelers checks, foreign currency time deposits, commercial paper, and shares of mutual funds or market funds held by residents.

Time coverage
1989 - 2010
annual
21.29
Total assets held by deposit money banks as a share of GDP. Assets include claims on domestic real nonfinancial sector which includes central, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises and private sector. Deposit money banks comprise commercial banks and other financial institutions that accept transferable deposits, such as demand deposits.

Time coverage
1989 - 2010
annual
26.63
Demand, time and saving deposits in deposit money banks and other financial institutions as a share of GDP.

Time coverage
1987 - 2010
Banking system: other indicators
Type
Latest value
Stock market
Type
Latest value
annual
-0.07


Time coverage
2012 - 2015
annual
18.02


Time coverage
2012 - 2015
annual
3.90
The estimated proportion of purchases of fixed assets that was financed by the owners’ contribution or issue of new equity shares.

Time coverage
2009 - 2012
Insurance, non-banks and pensions
Type
Latest value
annual
0.01
Ratio of life insurance premium volume to GDP. Premium volume is the insurer's direct premiums earned (if Property/Casualty) or received (if Life/Health) during the previous calendar year. Premium data are taken from various issues of Sigma reports (Swiss Re). Data on GDP in US dollars is from the electronic version of the World Development Indicators.

Time coverage
1995 - 2014
annual
0.41
Ratio of non-life insurance premium volume to GDP. Premium volume is the insurer's direct premiums earned (if Property/Casualty) or received (if Life/Health) during the previous calendar year. Premium data are taken from various issues of Sigma reports (Swiss Re). Data on GDP in US dollars is from the electronic version of the World Development Indicators.

Time coverage
1995 - 2014
Innovation
Type
Latest value
annual
20.20
The Global Innovation Index includes two sub-indices: the Innovation Input Sub-Index and the Innovation Output Sub-Index. The first sub-index is based on five pillars: Institutions, Human capital and research, Infrastructure, Market sophistication, and Business sophistication. The second sub-index is based on two pillars: Knowledge and technology outputs and Creative outputs. Each pillar is divided into sub-pillars and each sub-pillar is composed of individual indicators.

Time coverage
2012 - 2012
annual
274.94


Time coverage
2010 - 2016
annual
33.58


Time coverage
2010 - 2016
annual
1


Time coverage
1972 - 1973
Economic freedom
Type
Latest value
annual
34
The property rights index measures the degree to which a country’s laws protect private property rights and the degree to which its government enforces those laws. It also assesses the likelihood that private property will be expropriated and analyzes the independence of the judiciary, the existence of corruption within the judiciary, and the ability of individuals and businesses to enforce contracts. Higher index values denote more certain legal protection of property.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
33
The score for the Freedom of corruption index is derived primarily from Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index. For countries that are not covered in the CPI the freedom from corruption score is determined by using information from internationally recognized and reliable sources. Higher index values denote lower level of corruption.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
87
The Fiscal freedom index measures the tax burden imposed by government. It is composed of three quantitative factors: the top marginal tax rate on individual income, the top marginal tax rate on corporate income, and the total tax burden as a percentage of GDP.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
65
The Business freedom index is based on 10 indicators, using data from the World Bank’s Doing Business study: Starting a business-procedures (number), time (days), cost (% of income per capita), and minimum capital (% of income per capita); Obtaining a license—procedures (number), time (days), and cost (% of income per capita); Closing a business—time (years), cost (% of estate), and recovery rate (cents on the dollar).

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
55
The Labor freedom index is composed of six quantitative factors: ratio of minimum wage to the average value added per worker, hindrance to hiring additional workers, rigidity of hours, difficulty of firing redundant employees, legally mandated notice period, and mandatory severance pay. The index is based on data collected in connection with the World Bank’s Doing Business study.

Time coverage
2005 - 2018
annual
76.00
The score for the Monetary freedom index is based on two factors: the weighted average inflation rate for the most recent three years and price controls. Higher index values denote price stability without microeconomic intervention.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
57
The Trade freedom index is based on two indicators: the trade-weighted average tariff rate and non-tariff barriers (including quantity, price, regulatory, customs and investment restrictions, and direct government intervention).

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
35
The Investment freedom index evaluates a variety of investment restrictions (burdensome bureaucracy, restrictions on land ownership, expropriation of investments without fair compensation, foreign exchange controls, capital control, security problems, a lack of basic investment infrastructure, etc.). Points are deducted from the ideal score of 100 for each of the restrictions found in a country’s investment regime.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
20
The Financial freedom index evaluates: the extent of government regulation of financial services, the degree of state intervention in banks and other financial firms through direct and indirect ownership, the extent of financial and capital market development, government influence on the allocation of credit and openness to foreign competition. Higher index values denote banking efficiency and independence from government control and interference in the financial sector.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
54
The Overall index of economic freedom has ten components grouped into four broad categories: Rule of Law; Limited Government; Regulatory Efficiency and Open Markets. The overall economic freedom is scored on a scale of 0 to 100, where 100 represents the maximum freedom.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
Health
Type
Latest value
annual
66.68


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
23.85


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
6.66


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
2.70


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
175.00


Time coverage
2000 - 2016
annual
8.60
Suicide mortality rate is the number of suicide deaths in a year per 100,000 population.

Time coverage
2000 - 2016
Education
Type
Latest value
annual
2.94


Time coverage
1992 - 2014
annual
58.29


Time coverage
1995 - 2011
annual
67.05


Time coverage
1995 - 2011
annual
77.27


Time coverage
1995 - 2011
annual
72.06


Time coverage
1995 - 2011
annual
22.96


Time coverage
1971 - 2016
annual
100.38


Time coverage
1988 - 2016
annual
6


Time coverage
1970 - 2017
annual
0.96


Time coverage
1971 - 2016
Globalization
Type
Latest value
annual
42.18
The overall index of globalization covers the economic, social, and political dimensions of globalization. Higher values denote greater globalization.

Time coverage
1973 - 2015
annual
40.20
Economic globalization has two dimensions: actual economic flows and restrictions to trade and capital. The sub-index on actual economic flows includes data on trade, FDI, and portfolio investment. The sub-index on restrictions takes into account hidden import barriers, mean tariff rates, taxes on international trade (as a share of current revenue), and an index of capital controls.

Time coverage
2015 - 2015
annual
42.70
The degree of political globalization is determined by the number of embassies and high commissions in a country, the number of international organizations to which the country is a member, the number of UN peace missions a country participated in, and the number of treaties signed between two or more states.

Time coverage
1973 - 2015
annual
43.81
Social globalization has three dimensions: personal contacts, information flows, and cultural proximity. The sub-index on personal contacts includes international telecom traffic, degree of tourism, transfers, foreign population, and number of international letters. The sub-index on information flows includes number of internet users, share of households with a television set, and trade in newspapers. The sub-index on cultural proximity includes trade in books and number of McDonald’s restaurants and Ikea located in a country.

Time coverage
1973 - 2015
Industry: Oil, coal, and electricity
Type
Latest value
annual
0.00
Gasoline production includes production of: conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline; but excludes production of aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.

Time coverage
1986 - 2012
annual
0.00
The indicator estimates the volume of jet fuel produced within a country expressed in thousand barrels per day. Jet fuel is a refined petroleum product used in jet aircraft engines and it includes kerosene-type jet fuel and naphtha-type jet fuel.

Time coverage
1986 - 2012
annual
3.50
Oil consumption (Total petroleum consumption) includes internal consumption, refinery fuel and loss, and bunkering. Also included, where available, is direct combustion of crude oil.

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
0.70


Time coverage
1986 - 2013
annual
0.50


Time coverage
1986 - 2013
annual
0.70
Liquefied petroleum gases include ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. The Liquefied Petroleum Gases consumption also includes, where data are available, liquefied petroleum gases sold directly from natural gas processing plants for fuel or chemical uses and pentanes plus.

Time coverage
1986 - 2013
annual
814.00
Total primary coal production (Coal includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale.)

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
246.00
Coal consumption includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale. It also includes net imports of metallurgical coke.

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
21.00
Amount of coal shipped to foreign destinations.

Time coverage
1998 - 2014
annual
16.40
Total electricity net generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
16.00
Hydroelectric generation excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage.

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
3.94
Total Electricity Net Consumption = total net electricity generation + electricity imports - electricity exports – electricity transmission and distribution losses. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units.

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
3.37
Total Electricity Installed Capacity (Million Kilowatts)

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
1.29


Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
12.60


Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
16.00
Total Renewables Electricity Net Generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units and also excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage)

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
11.14
Total Renewables Electricity Net Consumption (Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)

Time coverage
1980 - 2012
Crime
Type
Latest value
annual
121


Time coverage
2004 - 2015
annual
6.9


Time coverage
2012 - 2015
Religions
Type
Latest value
annual
53.0


Time coverage
1960 - 2013
annual
2.0


Time coverage
1960 - 2013
Other indicators
Type
Latest value
annual
4.62
The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.

Time coverage
2013 - 2018
annual
0.586
The Human Development Index measures three basic dimensions of human development: long and healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. Four indicators are used to calculate the index: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling, and gross national income per capita.

Time coverage
1980 - 2015
annual
6.76


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
39.65


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
4.03


Time coverage
1960 - 2017
annual
32.88
Total population below the age of 14 as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Time coverage
1960 - 2017
annual
50.12


Time coverage
1960 - 2017
annual
3.91
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness. The pillars are organized as followed: Basic requirements (Institutions, Infrastructure, Macroeconomic Stability, Health and Primary Education); Efficiency enhancers (Higher Education and Training, Goods Market Efficiency, Labour Market Efficiency, Financial Market Sophistication, Technological Readiness, Market Size), and Innovation and sophistication factors (Business Sophistication, Innovation).

Time coverage
2013 - 2017
annual
3.50
The indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. The indicator excludes bribes.

Time coverage
2003 - 2017
annual
10
The total number of documents required per shipment to export goods, including documents required by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies, and banks. Also: all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit. Documents that are renewed annually and/or that do not require renewal per shipment are not included.

Time coverage
2005 - 2014
annual
230800


Time coverage
1961 - 2017
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