(measure: percent; Source: Medina and Schneider (2018))
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
Kazakhstan: Shadow economy, percent of GDP
For that indicator, we provide data for Kazakhstan from 1991 to 2015. The average value for Kazakhstan during that period was 38.88 percent with a minimum of 30.06 percent in 2014 and a maximum of 47.35 percent in 1996.
The latest value from 2015 is 32.82 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2015 based on 158
countries is 27.78 percent.
See the global rankings for that indicator or
use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
Definition: The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018): Shadow Economies Around the World: What Did We Learn Over the Last 20 Years?