Kazakhstan: Financial openness

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Kazakhstan

Financial openness index

 Latest value -0.989
 Year 2021
 Measure index points
 Data availability 1996 - 2021
 Average -1.213
 Min - Max -1.242 - -0.989
 Source Chinn-Ito Index
For that indicator, we provide data for Kazakhstan from 1996 to 2021. The average value for Kazakhstan during that period was -1.213 index points with a minimum of -1.242 index points in 1996 and a maximum of -0.989 index points in 2019. The latest value from 2021 is -0.989 index points. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 176 countries is 0.322 index points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Kazakhstan - Financial openness  - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Kazakhstan - Financial openness  - historical chart - 1996-2021




Definition: The Chinn-Ito index measures a country's degree of capital account openness and was introduced in Chinn and Ito (Journal of Development Economics, 2006). It is based on variables that codify the restrictions on cross-border financial transactions in the IMF's Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions. Higher values mean greater financial openness.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 133.31 2021 percent
 Trade openness 68.11 2022 percent
 Financial openness -0.989 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 41.78 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 94.22 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 10.20 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 26.33 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 59.38 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 2.18 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 4.91 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 76.35 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 0.90 2022 percent
 Current account, in dollars 7.08 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 15.45 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars 33.43 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 35.08 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.21 2022 percent
 Remittances 480.80 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -3,587.63 2022 million USD
 External debt 80.87 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 10.30 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 47.47 2022 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 15,127.74 9/2023 billion
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