Japan: Shadow economy

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Japan

Shadow economy, percent of GDP

 Latest value 8.19
 Year 2015
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1991 - 2015
 Average 10.41
 Min - Max 8.19 - 11.79
 Source Medina and Schneider (2018)
For that indicator, we provide data for Japan from 1991 to 2015. The average value for Japan during that period was 10.41 percent with a minimum of 8.19 percent in 2015 and a maximum of 11.79 percent in 2002. The latest value from 2015 is 8.19 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2015 based on 158 countries is 27.78 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Japan - Shadow economy - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Japan - Shadow economy - historical chart - 1991-2015




Definition: The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018): Shadow Economies Around the World: What Did We Learn Over the Last 20 Years? The series are discontinued but can still serve as a benchmark in calibration exercises.


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 Shadow economy 8.19 2015 percent
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