Italy: Academic freedom

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Academic freedom index

 Latest value 0.965
 Year 2022
 Measure index points
 Data availability 1960 - 2022
 Average 0.958
 Min - Max 0.918 - 0.973
 Source Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem)
For that indicator, we provide data for Italy from 1960 to 2022. The average value for Italy during that period was 0.958 index points with a minimum of 0.918 index points in 1960 and a maximum of 0.973 index points in 1991. The latest value from 2022 is 0.965 index points. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 171 countries is 0.611 index points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Italy - Academic freedom - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Italy - Academic freedom - historical chart - 1960-2022

Definition: Measures academics' rights to teach and discuss, carry out research, express freely their opinion with no censorship and the freedom to participate in professional or representative academic bodies.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Electoral democracy index 0.844 2022 index points
 Liberal democracy index 0.766 2022 index points
 Participatory democracy index 0.668 2022 index points
 Deliberative democracy index 0.768 2022 index points
 Egalitarian democracy index 0.775 2022 index points
 Government accountability 1.679 2022 index points
 Freedom of expression 0.943 2022 index points
 Political corruption 0.139 2022 index points
 Women political empowerment 0.939 2022 index points
 Academic freedom 0.965 2022 index points
 Parliamentary elections 1.00 2022 1 elections, 0 otherwise
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