Italy: Education spending, percent of GDP

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Italy

Public spending on education, percent of GDP

 Latest value 4.13
 Year 2021
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1970 - 2021
 Average 4.24
 Min - Max 2.90 - 4.77
 Source UNESCO
For that indicator, we provide data for Italy from 1970 to 2021. The average value for Italy during that period was 4.24 percent with a minimum of 2.9 percent in 1971 and a maximum of 4.77 percent in 1984. The latest value from 2021 is 4.13 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 141 countries is 4.42 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Italy - Education spending, percent of GDP - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Italy - Education spending, percent of GDP - historical chart - 1970-2021




Definition: General government expenditure on education (current, capital, and transfers) is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Education spending, percent of GDP 4.13 2021 percent
 Education spending, percent of government spending 7.44 2021 percent
 Literacy rate 99.35 2019 percent
 Female literacy rate, ages 15-24 99.93 2019 percent
 Male literacy rate, ages 15-24 99.83 2019 percent
 Youth literacy rate, ages 15-24 99.87 2019 percent
 Student teacher ratio, primary school 11.48 2017 students per teacher
 Primary school completion rate 98.24 2021 percent
 School starting age, primary school 6 2022 years
 Female to male ratio, primary school pupils 1.00 2020 percent
 Female to male ratio, secondary school students 0.99 2020 percent
 Female to male ratio, students at tertiary level education 1.28 2021 percent
 Preprimary school enrollment 92.66 2020 percent
 Primary school enrollment 101.62 2021 percent
 Secondary school enrollment 102.33 2021 percent
 Tertiary school enrollment 71.29 2021 percent
 PISA math scores 471.259 2022 index points
 PISA reading scores 481.598 2022 index points
 PISA science scores 477.463 2022 index points
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