Ireland: Sovereign credit ratings

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Sovereign credit ratings in Ireland: The table shows the history of sovereign credit ratings. Click on the following link to see the values of Sovereign credit ratings around the world. Sources: Fitch, Moody's, S&P, Scope.

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Agency Rating Outlook Date
Fitch AA- Positive 12/2023
Fitch AA- Positive 7/2023
Standard & Poor's AA Stable 5/2023
Moody's Aa3 Stable 4/2023
Scope AA- Positive 3/2023
Fitch AA- Stable 1/2023
Fitch AA- Stable 7/2022
Moody's A1 Positive 5/2022
Scope AA- Stable 4/2022
Scope AA- Stable 4/2022
Fitch AA- Stable 1/2022
Moody's A2 Positive 8/2021
Fitch A+ Stable 7/2021
Scope AA- Stable 5/2021
Fitch A+ Stable 2/2021
Moody's A2 Stable 2/2020
Moody's A2 Stable 2/2020
Fitch A+ Stable 2/2020
Scope A+ Positive 1/2020
Standard & Poor's AA- Stable 11/2019
Fitch A+ Stable 11/2019
Fitch A+ Stable 5/2019
Scope A+ Stable 7/2018
Fitch A+ Stable 6/2018
Fitch A+ Stable 12/2017
Moody's A2 Stable 9/2017
Fitch A Stable 7/2017
Scope A+ Stable 7/2017
Scope A+ Under Review 5/2017
Fitch A Stable 1/2017
Fitch A Stable 7/2016
Moody's A3 Positive 5/2016
Fitch A Stable 2/2016
Moody's Baa1 Positive 9/2015
Standard & Poor's A+ Stable 6/2015
Standard & Poor's A Stable 12/2014
Fitch A- Stable 9/2014
Fitch A- Stable 8/2014
Standard & Poor's A- Positive 6/2014
Fitch BBB+ Stable 6/2014
Moody's Baa1 Stable 5/2014
Fitch BBB+ Stable 5/2014
Fitch BBB+ Stable 2/2014
Moody's Baa3 Positive 1/2014
Fitch BBB+ Stable 1/2014
Fitch BBB+ Stable 10/2013
Moody's Ba1 Stable 9/2013
Fitch BBB+ Stable 9/2013
Standard & Poor's BBB+ Positive 7/2013
Fitch BBB+ Stable 6/2013
Fitch BBB+ Stable 5/2013
Moody's Ba1 Negative 3/2013
Fitch BBB+ Stable 3/2013
Standard & Poor's BBB+ Stable 2/2013
Fitch BBB+ Stable 2/2013
Fitch BBB+ Negative 7/2012
Standard & Poor's BBB+ Negative 1/2012
Fitch BBB+ Negative 1/2012
Standard & Poor's BBB+ Negative watch 12/2011
Fitch BBB+ Negative 12/2011
Moody's Ba1 Negative 7/2011
Standard & Poor's BBB+ Stable 4/2011
Moody's Baa3 Negative 4/2011
Fitch BBB+ Negative 4/2011
Standard & Poor's A- Negative watch 2/2011
Moody's Baa1 Negative 12/2010
Fitch BBB+ Stable 12/2010
Standard & Poor's A Negative watch 11/2010
Moody's Aa2 Negative watch 10/2010
Fitch A+ Negative 10/2010
Standard & Poor's AA- Negative 8/2010
Moody's Aa2 Stable 7/2010
Fitch AA- Stable 11/2009
Moody's Aa1 Negative 7/2009
Standard & Poor's AA Negative 6/2009
Moody's Aaa Negative watch 4/2009
Fitch AA+ Negative 4/2009
Standard & Poor's AA+ Negative 3/2009
Fitch AAA Negative 3/2009
Standard & Poor's AAA Negative 1/2009
Standard & Poor's AAA Stable 11/2005
Moody's Aaa Stable 11/2003
Standard & Poor's AAA Stable 10/2001
Standard & Poor's AA+ Positive 10/2000
Fitch AAA Stable 9/2000
Standard & Poor's AA+ Stable 5/1998
Moody's Aaa Stable 5/1998
Moody's Aa1 Positive watch 3/1998
Moody's Aa1 Stable 2/1997
Moody's Aa2 Positive watch 1/1997
Standard & Poor's AA Stable 5/1995
Moody's Aa2 Stable 8/1994
Moody's Aa3 Positive watch 6/1994
Standard & Poor's AA- Positive 5/1994
Standard & Poor's AA- Stable 1/1993
Standard & Poor's AA- Stable 10/1989
Standard & Poor's A+ Positive 6/1989
Moody's Aa3 Stable 7/1987

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Definition: S&P includes long-term ratings from the highest AAA to the lowest D rating. Moody’s includes long-term ratings from the highest Aaa to the lowest C. Fitch includes long-term ratings from the highest AAA to the lowest D rating. Scope includes long-term foreign-currency ratings from the highest AAA to the lowest D rating.

For all four international credit rating agencies, ratings are divided into two main groups based on the level of credit risk: investment grade for lower levels of credit risk and speculative grade for higher levels of credit risk. For S&P, Fitch and Scope, investment grade issues/issuers are those rated from BBB- and above, while those from BB+ and below are categorized as speculative grade. Moody’s denotes as investment grade issues/issuers as those rated from Baa3 and above, while ratings from Ba1 and below fall into the category of speculative grade.

All four agencies include modifiers into their generic alphabet-based ratings for particular ranges. Ratings from S&P, Fitch and Scope are modified with “+” or “-” from the range AA to CCC. Moody’s appends numerical modifiers from 1 to 3 to the generic rating classifications from Aa to Caa. 1 indicates standing in the higher end of the generic category, while 3 indicates ranking in the lower end. All modifiers denote relative status within major ratings categories.

Rating Outlooks indicate the direction the rating is likely to move over a one- to two-year period. In determining an outlook, consideration is given to any changes in fundamental business conditions. Credit Watch focuses on identifiable events that cause ratings to be placed under special surveillance.

Rating Outlooks/Watches for the four agencies are the following:

- Positive means that a rating may be raised
- Negative means that a rating may be lowered
- Stable means a rating is not likely to change
- When the fundamental trend has strong, conflicting elements of both positive and negative, the Outlook/Watch can be denoted as Developing (for Scope, a Stable Outlook would be assigned in this case).

Credit Watches do not include a Stable Watch because they are only event driven and denote higher probability of change in the rating. Credit Outlooks and Watches are mutually exclusive.
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