Iran: Reserves

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Iran

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD

 Latest value 7.69
 Year 1982
 Measure billion U.S. dollars
 Data availability 1960 - 1982
 Average 4.34
 Min - Max 0.19 - 17.21
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Iran from 1960 to 1982. The average value for Iran during that period was 4.34 billion U.S. dollars with a minimum of 0.19 billion U.S. dollars in 1960 and a maximum of 17.21 billion U.S. dollars in 1979. The latest value from 1982 is 7.69 billion U.S. dollars. For comparison, the world average in 1982 based on 128 countries is 6.07 billion U.S. dollars. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Iran - Reserves - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Iran - Reserves - historical chart - 1960-1982




The reserves of Iran and other countries include their holdings of foreign currencies and gold. These are the reserves of the central bank and the treasury of the country, not the private sector.

When countries export products or attract investment from other countries, they receive foreign currencies. They use some of these currencies to buy imports and to invest in other countries. The rest is held in reserves and some of the reserves may be converted to gold.
Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 138.43 2021 percent
 Trade openness 51.59 2022 percent
 Financial openness -1.931 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 26.82 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 114.99 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 8.16 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 24.78 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 108.03 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 0.36 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 1.50 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 0.00 2000 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 4.40 2023 percent
 Current account, in dollars 12.48 2000 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 2.03 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars 12.22 2000 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 7.69 1982 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.54 2004 percent
 Remittances 1,032.00 2004 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -1,355.00 2000 million USD
 External debt 2.41 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 25.08 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 62.06 1982 percent
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