India: Labor force

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 India

Labor force, million people

 Latest value 593.73
 Year 2023
 Measure million people
 Data availability 1991 - 2023
 Average 436.31
 Min - Max 299.65 - 593.73
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for India from 1991 to 2023. The average value for India during that period was 436.31 million people with a minimum of 299.65 million people in 1991 and a maximum of 593.73 million people in 2023. The latest value from 2023 is 593.73 million people. For comparison, the world average in 2023 based on 178 countries is 20.30 million people. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
India - Labor force - Recent values chart

Historical chart
India - Labor force - historical chart - 1991-2023




Definition: Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Labor force 593.73 2023 million people
 Unemployment rate 4.82 2022 percent
 Female unemployment 3.93 2023 percent
 Male unemployment 4.96 2023 percent
 Youth unemployment 17.97 2023 percent
 Labor force participation 55.34 2023 percent
 Labor force: percent female 28.71 2023 percent
 Female labor force participation 32.68 2023 percent
 Male labor force participation 76.78 2023 percent
 Self-employment 76.87 2022 percent
 Informal employment 88.80 2020 percent
 Unemployment rate 6.43 9/2022 percent
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