India: Gini inequality index

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 India

Gini income inequality index

 Latest value 34.2
 Year 2021
 Measure index points
 Data availability 1977 - 2021
 Average 34.23
 Min - Max 31.7 - 35.9
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for India from 1977 to 2021. The average value for India during that period was 34.23 index points with a minimum of 31.7 index points in 1993 and a maximum of 35.9 index points in 2017. The latest value from 2021 is 34.2 index points. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 22 countries is 40.51 index points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
India - Gini inequality index - recent values

Historical chart
India - Gini inequality index - historical chart - 1977-2021




Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Gini inequality index 34.20 2021 index points
 Poverty ratio 21.90 2011 percent
 Poverty at 1.90 USD per day 11.90 2021 percent
 Poverty at 5.50 USD per day 83.00 2021 percent
 Top 10 percent income share 27.80 2021 percent
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