Hong Kong: Reserves

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Hong Kong

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD

 Latest value 496.87
 Reference 2021
 Measure billion U.S. dollars
 Source The World Bank

For that indicator, we provide data for Hong Kong from 1990 to 2021. The average value for Hong Kong during that period was 202.38 billion U.S. dollars with a minimum of 24.66 billion U.S. dollars in 1990 and a maximum of 496.87 billion U.S. dollars in 2021. The latest value from 2021 is 496.87 billion U.S. dollars. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 145 countries is 103.23 billion U.S. dollars. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


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The reserves of Hong Kong and other countries include their holdings of foreign currencies and gold. These are the reserves of the central bank and the treasury of the country, not the private sector.

When countries export products or attract investment from other countries, they receive foreign currencies. They use some of these currencies to buy imports and to invest in other countries. The rest is held in reserves and some of the reserves may be converted to gold.

Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
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