Gibraltar Economic Indicators

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Money
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
local currency units per dollar
0.75
2018
annual
1960  -  2018
Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar).
Local Currency Units per USD
0.8129
Nov/2019
monthly
7/2009 - 11/2019
The amount of local currency units that can be exchanged for one USD. An increase (decrease) means USD appreciation (depreciation).
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International trade and investment
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
45.15
2018
annual
2000  -  2018
Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTAD's estimates using the previous year’s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTAD’s Commodity Price Statistics, interna­tional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current year's trade values as weights.
billion USD
-2.54
2017
annual
1970  -  2017
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
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Tax rates and revenue sources
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
10
2019
annual
2006  -  2019
The highest statutory corporate tax rate at central government level. Rates are provided by KPMG member firms.
percent
25
2019
annual
2006  -  2019
The highest statutory marginal tax rate applied to the taxable income of individuals. Rates are provided by KPMG member firms.
percent
0
2019
annual
2013  -  2019
Statutory VAT rates or consumption taxes similar to a VAT. Rates are provided by KPMG member firms.
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Country risk indicators
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
index points
1
2019
annual
2014  -  2019
The short-term political risk classification measures the likelihood of a risk caused by political and assimilated events connected to cross-border transactions with a risk horizon of up to 1 year. In order to assess this risk, Credendo uses a quantitative model, essentially focusing on the evolution of the liquidity situation of the debtor/obligor countries. The aim is to assess the capacity of a country to honour its short-term payment obligations. The model closely follows any deterioration or improvement in the situation of the debtor countries. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
2.0
2019
annual
2014  -  2019
The medium-/long-term political risk classification measures the likelihood of a risk caused by political and assimilated events connected to cross-border transactions with a risk horizon beyond 1 year. Credendo developed a quantitative model measuring especially the countries’ solvency. It combines an assessment of the economic and financial situation, an assessment of the political situation and a payment experience analysis for each country. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
1
2019
annual
2014  -  2019
The premium category set for political risk related to (special) cash transactions is based on Credendo’s classification for respectively short-term and medium-/long-term political risks related to credit transactions. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
2
2019
annual
2014  -  2019
The currency inconvertibility and transfer restriction risk refers to the inability to convert and transfer out of the host country any funds related to the investment. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
1
2014
annual
2014  -  2014
The risk of expropriation encompasses all discriminatory measures taken by a host government which deprive the investor of its investment without any adequate compensation; for the purpose of analysing the expropriation risk, events of embargo, change of (legal) regime and denial of justice are included. In order to assess the expropriation risk Credendo not only assesses the risk attached to expropriation as such, but also the functioning of legal institutions in the host country and the probability of a negative change in attitude towards foreign investments. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
1
2014
annual
2014  -  2014
Political Violence includes all violent act(s) undertaken with a political objective; this concept is broader than ‘war’ and includes: terrorism (political, religious and ideological objectives) and political violence damage (damage to material assets as a result of political violence); for the purposes of analysing the political violence risk, types of business interruption as a result of political violence damage are included. In order to assess the political violence risk, Credendo looks at the actual levels of internal violence in and external conflict with a country, but also at the conflict potential that arises from (lingering) internal and external tensions, frustration and dissatisfaction. Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk).
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Infrastructure and transport characteristics
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
94.44
2016
annual
1990  -  2016
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc.
subscribers
18257
2018
annual
2009  -  2018
Fixed broadband subscriptions refers to fixed subscriptions to high-speed access to the public Internet (a TCP/IP connection), at downstream speeds equal to, or greater than, 256 kbit/s. This includes cable modem, DSL, fiber-to-the-home/building, other fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions, satellite broadband and terrestrial fixed wireless broadband. This total is measured irrespective of the method of payment. It excludes subscriptions that have access to data communications (including the Internet) via mobile-cellular networks. It should include fixed WiMAX and any other fixed wireless technologies. It includes both residential subscriptions and subscriptions for organizations.
percent
54.15
2018
annual
2009  -  2018
Fixed broadband subscriptions refers to fixed subscriptions to high-speed access to the public Internet (a TCP/IP connection), at downstream speeds equal to, or greater than, 256 kbit/s. This includes cable modem, DSL, fiber-to-the-home/building, other fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions, satellite broadband and terrestrial fixed wireless broadband. This total is measured irrespective of the method of payment. It excludes subscriptions that have access to data communications (including the Internet) via mobile-cellular networks. It should include fixed WiMAX and any other fixed wireless technologies. It includes both residential subscriptions and subscriptions for organizations.
million subscribers
0.04
2018
annual
1960  -  2018
Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service that provide access to the PSTN using cellular technology. The indicator includes (and is split into) the number of postpaid subscriptions, and the number of active prepaid accounts (i.e. that have been used during the last three months). The indicator applies to all mobile cellular subscriptions that offer voice communications. It excludes subscriptions via data cards or USB modems, subscriptions to public mobile data services, private trunked mobile radio, telepoint, radio paging and telemetry services.
subscribers per 100 people
118.63
2018
annual
1960  -  2018
Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service that provide access to the PSTN using cellular technology. The indicator includes (and is split into) the number of postpaid subscriptions, and the number of active prepaid accounts (i.e. that have been used during the last three months). The indicator applies to all mobile cellular subscriptions that offer voice communications. It excludes subscriptions via data cards or USB modems, subscriptions to public mobile data services, private trunked mobile radio, telepoint, radio paging and telemetry services.
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Energy and environment
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
kilograms of oil equivalent
5812.45
2014
annual
1971  -  2014
Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
percent
0.00
2015
annual
1990  -  2015
Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.
million kWh
0.00
2015
annual
1971  -  2015
Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.
kt
528
2014
annual
1960  -  2014
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
metric tons
15.66
2014
annual
1960  -  2014
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
percent
100.00
2014
annual
1971  -  2014
Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
percent
100.00
2017
annual
1990  -  2017
Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.
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Industry: Oil, coal, and electricity
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
billion barrels
0.00
2019
annual
1980  -  2019
Proved reserves of crude oil are the estimated quantities of all liquids defined as crude oil, which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be recoverable in future years from reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
thousand barrels per day
0.00
2015
annual
1986  -  2015
Gasoline production includes production of: conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline; but excludes production of aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.
thousand barrels per day
0.00
2015
annual
1986  -  2015
The indicator estimates the volume of jet fuel produced within a country expressed in thousand barrels per day. Jet fuel is a refined petroleum product used in jet aircraft engines and it includes kerosene-type jet fuel and naphtha-type jet fuel.
thousand barrels per day
0.00
2012
annual
1986  -  2012
Liquefied petroleum gases include ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. The Liquefied Petroleum Gases production also includes, where data are available, liquefied petroleum gases sold directly from natural gas processing plants for fuel or chemical uses and pentanes plus.
thousand barrels per day
80.00
2014
annual
1980  -  2014
Oil consumption (Total petroleum consumption) includes internal consumption, refinery fuel and loss, and bunkering. Also included, where available, is direct combustion of crude oil.
thousand barrels per day
1.00
2016
annual
1980  -  2016
Gasoline consumption includes the consumption of: conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline; but excludes the consumption of aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in the data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.
thousand barrels per day
0.00
2016
annual
1980  -  2016
The indicator estimates the volume of jet fuel consumed within a country expressed in thousand barrels per day. Jet fuel is a refined petroleum product used in jet aircraft engines and it includes kerosene-type jet fuel and naphtha-type jet fuel.
thousand barrels per day
0.00
2012
annual
1986  -  2012
Liquefied petroleum gases include ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. The Liquefied Petroleum Gases consumption also includes, where data are available, liquefied petroleum gases sold directly from natural gas processing plants for fuel or chemical uses and pentanes plus.
million short tons
0.00
2017
annual
2008  -  2017
Proven reserves of coal in million short tons. A short ton equals exactly 2,000 pounds or 907.18 kilograms.
thousand short tons
0.00
2016
annual
1980  -  2016
Total primary coal production (Coal includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale.)
thousand short tons
0.00
2016
annual
1980  -  2016
Coal consumption includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale. It also includes net imports of metallurgical coke.
thousand short tons
0.00
2016
annual
1980  -  2016
Amount of foreign coal shipped to the country.
thousand short tons
0.00
2016
annual
1980  -  2016
Amount of coal shipped to foreign destinations.
billion kilowatthours
0.26
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Total electricity net generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)
billion kilowatthours
0.25
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Total Electricity Net Consumption = total net electricity generation + electricity imports - electricity exports – electricity transmission and distribution losses. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units.
million kilowatts
0.04
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Total Electricity Installed Capacity (Million Kilowatts)
billion kilowatthours
0.00
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Annual import of electricity in billion kWh.
billion kilowatthours
0.00
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Annual export of electricity in billion kWh.
million kilowatts
0.00
2016
annual
1980  -  2016
Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
0.00
2016
annual
1980  -  2016
Total Renewables Electricity Net Generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units and also excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage)
thousand Barrels Per Day
0.00
2018
annual
1980  -  2018
Oil production, thousand barrels per day
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Energy mix
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
million kilowatts
0.04
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Installed capacity to produce electricity from fossil fuels including oil, coal, and natural gas.
billion kilowatthours
0.26
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from fossil fuels including oil, coal, and natural gas.
million kilowatts
0.00
2017
annual
2000  -  2017
Installed capacity to produce electricity from wind in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
0.00
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from wind.
million kilowatts
0.00
2017
annual
2000  -  2017
Installed capacity to produce electricity from sunlight in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
0.00
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from sunlight.
million kilowatts
0.00
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Installed capacity to produce hydroelectricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
0.00
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Hydroelectric generation excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage.
million kilowatts
0.00
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Installed capacity to produce hydroelectricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
0.00
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Nuclear electricity net generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)
million kilowatts
0.00
2017
annual
2000  -  2017
Installed capacity to produce geothermal electricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
0.00
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
Billion kilowatthours of geothermal electricity generated.
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Agriculture sector
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
0.0
2016
annual
1990  -  2016
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.
percent
0.00
2018
annual
1960  -  2018
Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
sq. km
0.0
2016
annual
1990  -  2016
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.
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Banking system stability
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
index points
37.00
2016
annual
1996  -  2016
The index captures the probability of default of a country's banking system. Z-score compares the buffer of a country's banking system (capitalization and returns) with the volatility of those returns. It is estimated as (ROA+(equity/assets))/sd(ROA); sd(ROA) is the standard deviation of ROA. ROA, equity, and assets are country-level aggregate figures. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
57.45
2016
annual
1996  -  2016
The ratio of the value of liquid assets (easily converted to cash) to short-term funding plus total deposits. Liquid assets include cash and due from banks, trading securities and at fair value through income, loans and advances to banks, reverse repos and cash collaterals. Deposits and short term funding includes total customer deposits (current, savings and term) and short term borrowing (money market instruments, CDs and other deposits).
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Banking system efficiency
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
0.78
2016
annual
1996  -  2016
Operating expenses of a bank as a share of the value of all assets held. Total assets include total earning assets, cash and due from banks, foreclosed real estate, fixed assets, goodwill, other intangibles, current tax assets, deferred tax assets, discontinued operations and other assets. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
0.58
2016
annual
1996  -  2016
Commercial banks’ pre-tax income to yearly averaged total assets. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
3.19
2016
annual
1996  -  2016
Commercial banks’ pre-tax income to yearly averaged equity. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
44.25
2013
annual
1996  -  2013
Bank’s income that has been generated by noninterest related activities as a percentage of total income (net-interest income plus noninterest income). Noninterest related income includes net gains on trading and derivatives, net gains on other securities, net fees and commissions and other operating income. The number is only calculated when net-interest income is not negative. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
0.91
2016
annual
1996  -  2016
Accounting value of bank's net interest revenue as a share of its average interest-bearing (total earning) assets. The numerator and denominator are aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
23.00
2013
annual
1996  -  2013
Operating expenses of a bank as a share of the sum of net-interest revenue and other operating income. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
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Education spending and outcomes
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
students per teacher
14.17
2017
annual
1972  -  2017
Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary school.
percent
92.26
2017
annual
2016  -  2017
Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.
years
5
2019
annual
1970  -  2019
Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
percent
1.00
2017
annual
1971  -  2017
Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
percent
205.90
2017
annual
1972  -  2017
Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to programs at the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment and to provide a bridge between home and school.
percent
103.54
2017
annual
1971  -  2017
Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
percent
117.47
2017
annual
1971  -  2017
Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
percent
100.00
2017
annual
1999  -  2017
Trained teachers in primary education are the percentage of primary school teachers who have received the minimum organized teacher training (pre-service or in-service) required for teaching in a given country.
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Shares of world totals
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
0.00
2017
annual
1960  -  2017
The population share of a particular country is measured as its population as percent of the total world population in a given year. Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates.
percent
-0.13
2017
annual
1993  -  2017
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
percent
0.00
2017
annual
1980  -  2017
The share of world oil reserves is calculated as the proven oil reserves of a country as percent of the total proven oil reserves for the world.
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Crime statistics
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
prisoners per 100,000 people
163
2016
annual
2005  -  2016
Number of prisoners per 100,000 people.
homicides per 100,000 people
3.0
2010
annual
2009  -  2010
Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.
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Other indicators
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
million
0.03
2018
annual
1960  -  2018
Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
percent
100.00
2018
annual
1960  -  2018
Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.
sq. km
10
2018
annual
1961  -  2018
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
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