Germany: Government debt

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Government debt as percent of GDP

 Latest value 66.3
 Reference 2022
 Measure percent
 Source Deutsche Bundesbank

For that indicator, we provide data for Germany from 1991 to 2022. The average value for Germany during that period was 63.62 percent with a minimum of 39 percent in 1991 and a maximum of 82 percent in 2010. The latest value from 2022 is 66.3 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 37 countries is 74.19 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

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The government debt in Germany and other countries is calculated as the total amount owed by the national government to domestic and international lenders. It is reported as percent of GDP so that we can evaluate its magnitude relative to the size of the economy.

Government debt of about 60 percent or less of GDP is not considered a problem. The government can make payments without strain and even has some room to borrow more. If debt levels reach 80-90 percent that may have negative effects on the economy. Debt above 120 percent of GDP is quite detrimental.

Definition: Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.
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