Germany: Government debt

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Germany

Government debt as percent of GDP

 Latest value 63.70
 Year 2023
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1991 - 2023
 Average 63.61
 Min - Max 39.00 - 82.00
 Source Deutsche Bundesbank
For that indicator, we provide data for Germany from 1991 to 2023. The average value for Germany during that period was 63.61 percent with a minimum of 39 percent in 1991 and a maximum of 82 percent in 2010. The latest value from 2023 is 63.7 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2023 based on 49 countries is 69.20 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Germany - Government debt - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Germany - Government debt - historical chart - 1991-2023




The government debt in Germany and other countries is calculated as the total amount owed by the national government to domestic and international lenders. It is reported as percent of GDP so that we can evaluate its magnitude relative to the size of the economy.

Government debt of about 60 percent or less of GDP is not considered a problem. The government can make payments without strain and even has some room to borrow more. If debt levels reach 80-90 percent that may have negative effects on the economy. Debt above 120 percent of GDP is quite detrimental.
Definition: Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Government spending, percent of GDP 21.95 2022 percent
 Government spending, in dollars 896.06 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Fiscal balance, percent of GDP -2.12 2023 percent
 Government debt 63.70 2023 percent
 Government expenditure 220.10 Q3/2023 billion
 Long-term government bond yield 2.66 9/2023 percent
 Tax revenue 11.18 2021 percent
 Commercial tax rate 48.80 2019 percent
 Tax preparation time 218 2019 hours
 Number of taxes 9 2019 taxes
 Taxes on goods and services 20.35 2021 percent
 Taxes on international trade 0.01 1987 percent
 Income and profits taxes 17.49 2021 percent
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