Germany: Economic growth: the rate of change of real GDP, 1971 - 2020:
For that indicator, we provide data for Germany from 1971 to 2020. The average value for Germany during that period was 1.84 percent with a minimum of -5.69 percent in 2009 and a maximum of 5.26 percent in 1990.
The latest value from 2020 is -4.57 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2020 based on 185
countries is -4.86 percent.
See the global rankings for that indicator or
use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
Economic growth in Germany and other countries is calculated as the percent change in the GDP from one year to the next. It measures whether production has increased or decreased, and by how much.
Looking across many countries and over long periods of time, the average rate of economic growth is about 2-3 percent per year. That changes from year to year as the economy goes through recessions and expansions. However, if an economy routinely grows at about 5 percent or more per year, this is a substantial rate of economic growth. Economic growth of 7-8 percent is extraordinary.
Definition: Annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2010 U.S. dollars. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.