Euro area Economic Indicators

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GDP and economic growth
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
quarterly
Q2/2019
1.10
Q1/1996 - Q2/2019
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
percent
quarterly
Q2/2019
0.20
Q2/1995 - Q2/2019
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
billion EUR
quarterly
Q1/2019
2884.16
Q1/1995 - Q1/2019
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
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Business cycle indicators
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
monthly
Jun/2019
-2.60
1/1992 - 6/2019
The indicator shows the percent change in the index of industrial production from the same month last year. Industrial production includes mining and quarrying, manufacturing, and electricity production.
index points
monthly
Jun/2019
108.50
1/2000 - 6/2019
The retail sales index is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. The retail sales index measures only the volume changes, i.e. price changes are not considered.
percent
monthly
Jun/2019
2.26
1/2001 - 6/2019
The retail sales Y-on-Y is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. Retail sales Y-on-Y is calculated as the percent change in the Retail sales index from the same month the previous year. The Retail sales Y-on-Y measures only volume changes, i.e. price changes are not considered.
percent
quarterly
Q4/2018
2.20
Q1/1981 - Q4/2018
Real residential property price measures the year-on-year percent change of property prices over time.
points
monthly
Jul/2019
0.54
1/1996 - 7/2019
The business survey indicator provides information on the amount of optimism or pessimism that business managers feel about the prospects of their companies, based upon opinion surveys on developments in production, orders and stocks of finished goods and the general economic situation of the company. It can be used to monitor output growth and to anticipate turning points in economic activity.
points
monthly
Jul/2019
-6.60
1/1985 - 7/2019
The consumer survey contains standardized questions about the financial situation of households, general economic situation, inflation, unemployment, saving, intentions of making major purchases on durable goods or purchasing or building a home or buying a car. The survey gives an opportunity to analyze the tendencies in the development of public opinions on significant economic phenomena in the country.
index points
monthly
Aug/2019
51.80
3/2019 - 8/2019
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
index points
monthly
Aug/2019
47.00
4/2019 - 8/2019
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
index points
monthly
Aug/2019
53.40
3/2019 - 8/2019
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
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Consumption and investment
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
billion EUR
quarterly
Q1/2019
1552.42
Q1/1995 - Q1/2019
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
percent
quarterly
Q1/2019
53.83
Q1/1995 - Q1/2019
Household Consumption as percent of GDP
percent
quarterly
Q1/2019
2.15
Q1/1996 - Q1/2019
The percent change in Household Consumption from the same quarter last year.
billion EUR
quarterly
Q1/2019
597.74
Q1/1995 - Q1/2019
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
percent
quarterly
Q1/2019
20.72
Q1/1995 - Q1/2019
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings as percent of GDP
percent
quarterly
Q1/2019
5.70
Q1/1996 - Q1/2019
The percent change in investment (Physical Capital Accumulation) from the same quarter last year.
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Money
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
index points
monthly
Jul/2019
104.91
1/1996 - 7/2019
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
percent
monthly
0.16
2/1996 - 6/2019
The percentage change in the CPI from one month to the next.
percent
monthly
1.02
1/1997 - 7/2019
Percent change in the CPI from the same month last year.
billion EUR
monthly
Jun/2019
10299.34
9/1997 - 6/2019
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion EUR
monthly
Jun/2019
4472.62
9/1997 - 6/2019
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion EUR
monthly
Jun/2019
5826.72
9/1997 - 6/2019
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion EUR
monthly
Jun/2019
4420.16
9/1997 - 6/2019
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
billion EUR
monthly
Jun/2019
1406.56
9/1997 - 6/2019
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
percent
monthly
Jun/2019
0.30
1/2000 - 6/2019
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
percent
monthly
Jun/2019
1.94
1/2003 - 6/2019
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
percent
monthly
Jun/2019
2.06
1/2003 - 6/2019
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
index points
monthly
Jul/2019
106.66
12/1986 - 7/2019
Share price indices are calculated from the prices of common shares of companies traded on national or foreign stock exchanges. They are usually determined by the stock exchange, using the closing daily values for the monthly data, and normally expressed as simple arithmetic averages of the daily data. A price index measures changes in the market capitalization of the basket of shares in the index. Share price indices reflect the corporate sector's underlying profit and growth record and also act like a barometer of investor confidence in the state of industry and the economy.
percent
monthly
Feb/2016
0.05
1/1999 - 2/2016
The interest rate which best captures the monetary authorities' policy intentions. Different countries have different policy interest rates. The most common are the overnight lending rate, discount rate and repurchase rate (of different maturities). In the USA the policy rate is the federal funds rate. The federal funds rate is the interest rate at which depository institutions trade federal funds (balances held at Federal Reserve Banks) with each other overnight. The federal funds rate is essentially determined by the market but is influenced by the Federal Reserve through open market operations to reach the federal funds rate target. In the Euro area the policy rate is the main refinancing operations rate. The main refinancing operations (MRO) rate is the interest rate banks pay when they borrow money from the ECB for one week. When they do this, they have to provide collateral to guarantee that the money will be paid back. The policy interest rates determine the levels of the rest of the interest rates in the economy, since it is the price at which private agents (mostly private banks) obtain money from the central bank.
Local Currency Units per USD
monthly
Jul/2019
0.8916
5/2019 - 7/2019
The amount of local currency units that can be exchanged for one USD. An increase (decrease) means USD appreciation (depreciation).
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Labor market
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
million employed people
quarterly
Q2/2019
160.24
Q1/1995 - Q2/2019
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
percent
monthly
Jun/2019
7.20
4/1998 - 6/2019
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
index points
quarterly
Q1/2019
106.00
Q1/2001 - Q1/2019
The index reflects the level of the total compensation of employees in the economy.
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International trade and investment
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
million EUR
monthly
Jun/2019
23092.00
1/2008 - 6/2019
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
million EUR
monthly
Jun/2019
275850.00
1/2008 - 6/2019
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
billion EUR
monthly
Jul/2019
797.86
12/1999 - 7/2019
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
million EUR
monthly
Jun/2019
-67447.00
1/2008 - 6/2019
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
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Government spending and balances
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
billion EUR
quarterly
Q1/2019
576.49
Q1/1995 - Q1/2019
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
million EUR
quarterly
Q1/2019
-52918.00
Q1/2002 - Q1/2019
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
percent
monthly
Jul/2019
0.36
1/1970 - 7/2019
Government bond is a debt security issued by the Central government with a residual maturity of 10 years. This bond is backed by sovereign guarantee. The 10-year bond has the highest liquidity amongst similar maturity bonds. Once fixed, the coupon rate remains constant throughout the term of the bond. Only the yield changes commensurate with the interest rates and accordingly the price of the bond changes. There exists an inverse relationship between the bond yield and its price.
Million local currency units EUR
quarterly
Q1/2019
10010173.40
Q1/2000 - Q1/2019
General government gross debt, also known as public debt, is the nominal (face) value of total gross debt outstanding at the end of the period and consolidated between and within the government subsectors. Only core debt instruments are included, defined here as comprising (i) currency and deposits; (ii) loans; and (iii) debt securities.
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Banking system depth
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
quarterly
Q4/2018
89.10
Q3/1997 - Q4/2018
Bank credit to the private non-financial sector expressed as percent of GDP.
percent
quarterly
Q4/2018
95.60
Q1/1999 - Q4/2018
Total credit is the amount of credit available to the government sector from financial institutions. It consists of the total amount of combined funds that are provided to the government by financial companies.
percent
quarterly
Q4/2018
162.60
Q1/1999 - Q4/2018
Total credit is the amount of credit available to the private non-financial sector from a banking institution. It consists of the total amount of combined funds that financial institutions provide to this sector.
percent
quarterly
Q4/2018
105.00
Q4/1997 - Q4/2018
Total credit to non-financial corporations refers to resources provided to the these corporations by financial institutions.
percent
quarterly
Q4/2017
58.00
Q1/1999 - Q4/2017
Total credit is the amount of credit available to households from financial institutions. It consists of the total amount of combined funds that are provided to individuals by financial companies.
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