Euro area Economic Indicators

Main indicators
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
0.40
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1996 - Q1/2024
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
percent
2.38
Apr/2024
monthly
1/1997 - 4/2024
Percent change in the CPI from the same month last year.
percent
6.60
Mar/2024
monthly
4/1998 - 3/2024
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.



GDP and economic growth
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
0.40
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1996 - Q1/2024
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
percent
0.30
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q2/1995 - Q1/2024
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
billion EUR
3738.49
Q4/2023
quarterly
Q1/1995 - Q4/2023
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.



Business cycle indicators
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
-1.04
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1992 - 3/2024
The indicator shows the percent change in the index of industrial production from the same month last year. Industrial production includes mining and quarrying, manufacturing, and electricity production.
index points
99.40
Mar/2024
monthly
1/2000 - 3/2024
The retail sales index is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. The retail sales index measures only the volume changes, i.e. price level changes are excluded.
percent
-1.11
Feb/2024
monthly
1/2001 - 2/2024
The retail sales Y-on-Y is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. Retail sales Y-on-Y is calculated as the percent change in the Retail sales index from the same month the previous year. The Retail sales Y-on-Y measures only volume changes, i.e. price level changes are excluded.
points
-3.80
Apr/2024
monthly
4/1995 - 4/2024
The business survey indicator provides information on the amount of optimism or pessimism that business managers feel about the prospects of their companies, based upon opinion surveys on developments in production, orders and stocks of finished goods and the general economic situation of the company. It can be used to monitor output growth and to anticipate turning points in economic activity.
points
-14.70
Apr/2024
monthly
1/1985 - 4/2024
The consumer survey contains standardized questions about the financial situation of households, general economic situation, inflation, unemployment, saving, intentions of making major purchases on durable goods or purchasing or building a home or buying a car. The survey gives an opportunity to analyze the tendencies in the development of public opinions on significant economic phenomena in the country.
index points
51.70
Apr/2024
monthly
3/2019 - 4/2024
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
index points
45.70
Apr/2024
monthly
4/2019 - 4/2024
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
index points
53.30
Apr/2024
monthly
3/2019 - 4/2024
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.



Consumption and investment
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
billion EUR
1934.90
Q4/2023
quarterly
Q1/1995 - Q4/2023
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
percent
51.76
Q4/2023
quarterly
Q1/1995 - Q4/2023
Household Consumption as percent of GDP
percent
4.82
Q4/2023
quarterly
Q1/1996 - Q4/2023
The percent change in Household Consumption from the same quarter last year.
billion EUR
842.23
Q4/2023
quarterly
Q1/1995 - Q4/2023
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
percent
22.53
Q4/2023
quarterly
Q1/1995 - Q4/2023
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings as percent of GDP
percent
4.31
Q4/2023
quarterly
Q1/1996 - Q4/2023
The percent change in investment (Physical Capital Accumulation) from the same quarter last year.



Money
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
Local Currency Units per USD
0.9321
Apr/2024
monthly
1/2010 - 4/2024
The amount of local currency units that can be exchanged for one USD. An increase (decrease) means USD appreciation (depreciation). The values are monthly averages of the daily exchange rates provided by Google Finance.
billion EUR
15146.52
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1980 - 3/2024
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
index points
126.0400
Apr/2024
monthly
1/1996 - 4/2024
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
percent
0.59
Apr/2024
monthly
2/1996 - 4/2024
The percentage change in the CPI from one month to the next.
percent
2.38
Apr/2024
monthly
1/1997 - 4/2024
Percent change in the CPI from the same month last year.
billion EUR
11745.31
Mar/2024
monthly
9/1997 - 3/2024
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion EUR
5113.66
Mar/2024
monthly
9/1997 - 3/2024
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion EUR
6631.65
Mar/2024
monthly
9/1997 - 3/2024
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion EUR
5215.15
Mar/2024
monthly
9/1997 - 3/2024
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
billion EUR
1416.50
Mar/2024
monthly
9/1997 - 3/2024
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
percent
3.19
Mar/2024
monthly
1/2000 - 3/2024
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
percent
4.04
Mar/2024
monthly
1/2003 - 3/2024
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
percent
2.44
Mar/2024
monthly
1/2003 - 3/2024
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.



Labor market
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
million employed people
168.86
Q2/2023
quarterly
Q1/1995 - Q2/2023
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
percent
6.60
Mar/2024
monthly
4/1998 - 3/2024
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
index points
113.50
Q4/2023
quarterly
Q1/2002 - Q4/2023
The index reflects the level of the total compensation of employees in the economy. Labor costs are defined as core expenditure borne by employers for the purpose of employing staff. They include employee compensation, with wages and salaries in cash and in kind, employers' social security contributions and employment taxes regarded as labor costs minus any subsidies received.



International trade and investment
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
billion EUR
1118.77
Aug/2023
monthly
12/1999 - 8/2023
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.



Government
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
91.50
2022
annual
1995  -  2022
Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.
billion EUR
827.56
Q4/2023
quarterly
Q1/1995 - Q4/2023
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
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