Costa Rica: Gini inequality index

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Costa Rica

Gini income inequality index

 Latest value 47.20
 Year 2022
 Measure index points
 Data availability 1981 - 2022
 Average 47.57
 Min - Max 34.40 - 51.80
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Costa Rica from 1981 to 2022. The average value for Costa Rica during that period was 47.57 index points with a minimum of 34.4 index points in 1986 and a maximum of 51.8 index points in 2002. The latest value from 2022 is 47.2 index points. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 7 countries is 39.26 index points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Costa Rica - Gini inequality index - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Costa Rica - Gini inequality index - historical chart - 1981-2022




Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Gini inequality index 47.20 2022 index points
 Poverty ratio 25.50 2022 percent
 Poverty at 1.90 USD per day 0.90 2022 percent
 Poverty at 5.50 USD per day 14.10 2022 percent
 Top 10 percent income share 35.70 2022 percent
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