China: Foreign exchange reserves

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 China

Foreign exchange reserves, billion currency units

 Latest value 3449.69
 Reference December 2023
 Measure billion U.S. Dollar
 Data availability November 1980 - December 2023
 Average 1292.05
 Min - Max 2.93 - 4020.65
 Source People's Bank of China
For that indicator, we provide data for China from November 1980 to December 2023. The average value for China during that period was 1292.05 billion U.S. Dollar with a minimum of 2.93 billion U.S. Dollar in March 1981 and a maximum of 4020.65 billion U.S. Dollar in June 2014. Click on the following link to see the values of Foreign exchange reserves, billion currency units around the world.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
China - Foreign exchange reserves - recent values

Historical chart
China - Foreign exchange reserves - historical chart - 1980-2023
Measure: billion U.S. Dollar
Source: People's Bank of China


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Definition: Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.

 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 90.22 2021 percent
 Trade openness 38.14 2022 percent
 Financial openness -1.242 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 20.68 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 3,714.25 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Imports, percent of GDP 17.47 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 3,137.59 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 1.00 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 180.17 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 34,388.40 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 1.72 2022 percent
 Current account, in dollars 401.86 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 3.21 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars 576.33 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 3,306.84 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.15 2022 percent
 Remittances 26,105.77 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -90,556.66 2022 million USD
 External debt 13.44 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 52.96 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 38.26 2022 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 3,308.47 9/2023 billion
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