Bulgaria: Financial openness

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Bulgaria

Financial openness index

 Latest value 0.464
 Year 2021
 Measure index points
 Data availability 1994 - 2021
 Average 0.664
 Min - Max -1.242 - 2.299
 Source Chinn-Ito Index
For that indicator, we provide data for Bulgaria from 1994 to 2021. The average value for Bulgaria during that period was 0.664 index points with a minimum of -1.242 index points in 1994 and a maximum of 2.299 index points in 2007. The latest value from 2021 is 0.464 index points. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 176 countries is 0.322 index points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Bulgaria - Financial openness  - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Bulgaria - Financial openness  - historical chart - 1994-2021




Definition: The Chinn-Ito index measures a country's degree of capital account openness and was introduced in Chinn and Ito (Journal of Development Economics, 2006). It is based on variables that codify the restrictions on cross-border financial transactions in the IMF's Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions. Higher values mean greater financial openness.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 102.18 2021 percent
 Trade openness 138.18 2022 percent
 Financial openness 0.464 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 69.19 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 62.51 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 11.63 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 68.99 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 62.33 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 3.56 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 3.22 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 24.37 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -0.30 2023 percent
 Current account, in dollars -0.59 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 0.21 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars 0.46 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 40.99 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 2.25 2022 percent
 Remittances 2,033.32 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 4,599.28 2022 million USD
 External debt 54.02 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 21.16 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 24.37 2022 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 72.84 9/2023 billion
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