(measure: percent; Source: Medina and Schneider (2018))
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
Brazil: Shadow economy, percent of GDP
For that indicator, Medina and Schneider (2018) provides data for Brazil from 1991 to 2015. The average value for Brazil during that period was 37.63 percent with a minimum of 32.56 percent in 2013 and a maximum of 41.69 percent in 1998.
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Definition: The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018): Shadow Economies Around the World: What Did We Learn Over the Last 20 Years?