Brazil: Gini income inequality index, 1981 - 2019:
For that indicator, we provide data for Brazil from 1981 to 2019. The average value for Brazil during that period was 56.75 index points with a minimum of 51.9 index points in 2015 and a maximum of 63.3 index points in 1989.
The latest value from 2019 is 53.4 index points. For comparison, the world average in 2019 based on 22
countries is 40.97 index points.
See the global rankings for that indicator or
use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.