Brazil: Gini inequality index

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Brazil

Gini income inequality index

 Latest value 52.9
 Year 2021
 Measure index points
 Data availability 1981 - 2021
 Average 56.42
 Min - Max 48.9 - 63.3
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Brazil from 1981 to 2021. The average value for Brazil during that period was 56.42 index points with a minimum of 48.9 index points in 2020 and a maximum of 63.3 index points in 1989. The latest value from 2021 is 52.9 index points. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 22 countries is 40.51 index points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Brazil - Gini inequality index - recent values

Historical chart
Brazil - Gini inequality index - historical chart - 1981-2021




Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Gini inequality index 52.90 2021 index points
 Poverty at 1.90 USD per day 5.80 2021 percent
 Poverty at 5.50 USD per day 28.40 2021 percent
 Top 10 percent income share 41.50 2021 percent
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