Bosnia and Herzegovina: Shadow economy

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Shadow economy, percent of GDP

 Latest value 29.88
 Year 2015
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1991 - 2015
 Average 34.21
 Min - Max 29.88 - 44.45
 Source Medina and Schneider (2018)
For that indicator, we provide data for Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1991 to 2015. The average value for Bosnia and Herzegovina during that period was 34.21 percent with a minimum of 29.88 percent in 2015 and a maximum of 44.45 percent in 1995. The latest value from 2015 is 29.88 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2015 based on 158 countries is 27.78 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Shadow economy - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Shadow economy - historical chart - 1991-2015




Definition: The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018): Shadow Economies Around the World: What Did We Learn Over the Last 20 Years? The series are discontinued but can still serve as a benchmark in calibration exercises.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Rule of law -0.31 2022 points
 Government effectiveness -1.06 2022 points
 Control of corruption -0.68 2022 points
 Regulatory quality -0.16 2022 points
 Voice and accountability -0.33 2022 points
 Political stability -0.44 2022 points
 Corruption perceptions - Transparency International 34 2022 points
 Political rights 4 2020 points
 Civil liberties 4 2020 points
 Competitiveness 54.70 2019 points
 Cost of starting a business 13.70 2019 percent of per capita GNI
 Shadow economy 29.88 2015 percent
 Informal economy, MIMIC method 31.00 2020 percent
 Informal economy, DGE method 28.40 2020 percent
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