Bhutan: Exports, percent of GDP

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Bhutan

Exports of goods and services as percent of GDP

 Latest value 31.83
 Year 2021
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1980 - 2021
 Average 31.91
 Min - Max 12.74 - 56.28
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Bhutan from 1980 to 2021. The average value for Bhutan during that period was 31.91 percent with a minimum of 12.74 percent in 1983 and a maximum of 56.28 percent in 2007. The latest value from 2021 is 31.83 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 161 countries is 43.35 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Bhutan - Exports, percent of GDP - recent values

Historical chart
Bhutan - Exports, percent of GDP - historical chart - 1980-2021




The exports of Bhutan and other countries are calculated as the total amount of goods and services produced at home and sold abroad. Exports are often reported as percent of GDP so that we can evaluate their magnitude relative to the size of the economy.

If exports are about 15 percent or less of GDP the economy is considered relatively closed as only 15 percent of its products are sold internationally. That, for example, applies to the U.S. In contrast, many small European countries export over 40 percent of their production. They are considered more open to international trade.
Definition: Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 151.20 2021 percent
 Trade openness 84.56 2021 percent
 Exports, percent of GDP 31.83 2021 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 0.81 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 1.04 2021 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 52.74 2021 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 1.34 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 0.25 2021 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.01 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 0.00 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -33.80 2022 percent
 Current account, in dollars -0.85 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -19.18 2021 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -0.80 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 0.98 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 2.65 2021 percent
 Remittances 94.55 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 206.75 2022 million USD
 External debt 128.73 2021 percent
 Short-term external debt 0.19 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 0.30 2021 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 96.79 9/2023 billion
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