Albania: Research and development expenditure

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Research and development expenditure, percent of GDP

 Latest value 0.15
 Year 2008
 Measure percent
 Data availability 2007 - 2008
 Average 0.12
 Min - Max 0.09 - 0.15
 Source The United Nations
For that indicator, we provide data for Albania from 2007 to 2008. The average value for Albania during that period was 0.12 percent with a minimum of 0.09 percent in 2007 and a maximum of 0.15 percent in 2008. The latest value from 2008 is 0.15 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2008 based on 96 countries is 0.91 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Albania - Research and development expenditure - Recent values chart

The expenditure for R&D on the charts includes both private and public spending on research and development.
Definition: Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.

 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Innovation index 24.40 2022 points
 Research and development expenditure 0.15 2008 percent
 Information technology exports 0.04 2020 percent
 High tech exports 0.89 2022 million U.S. dollars
 High tech exports, percent of manufactured exports 0.06 2022 percent
 Patent applications by residents 23 2021 patent applications
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