Afghanistan: Trade openness

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Afghanistan

Trade openness: exports plus imports as percent of GDP

 Latest value 50.3
 Year 2021
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1960 - 2021
 Average 26.76
 Min - Max 11.16 - 50.3
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Afghanistan from 1960 to 2021. The average value for Afghanistan during that period was 26.76 percent with a minimum of 11.16 percent in 1960 and a maximum of 50.3 percent in 2021. The latest value from 2021 is 50.3 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 158 countries is 92.80 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Afghanistan - Trade openness - recent values

Historical chart
Afghanistan - Trade openness - historical chart - 1960-2021




Definition: Exports plus imports as percent of GDP.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 106.03 2021 percent
 Trade openness 50.30 2021 percent
 Exports, percent of GDP 10.84 1978 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 2.05 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 7.24 2021 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 13.87 1978 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 5.29 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 0.14 2021 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.02 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 0.00 2020 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 11.16 2020 percent
 Current account, in dollars -3.14 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -22.73 2021 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -5.51 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 9.75 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 2.10 2021 percent
 Remittances 722.23 2020 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 2,997.40 2020 million USD
 External debt 24.18 2021 percent
 Short-term external debt 11.61 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 4.46 2020 percent
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