Afghanistan: Unemployment rate

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Unemployment rate

 Latest value 11.71
 Year 2020
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1991 - 2020
 Average 8.6
 Min - Max 7.91 - 11.71
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Afghanistan from 1991 to 2020. The average value for Afghanistan during that period was 8.6 percent with a minimum of 7.91 percent in 2014 and a maximum of 11.71 percent in 2020. The latest value from 2020 is 11.71 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2020 based on 180 countries is 8.28 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Afghanistan - Unemployment rate - recent values

Historical chart
Afghanistan - Unemployment rate - historical chart - 1991-2020

The unemployment rate in Afghanistan and other countries is defined as the number of unemployed people as percent of the labor force. The labor force includes the people who are either employed or unemployed, i.e. who don't have a job but are actively looking for one. The labor force does not include people who are not looking for work, children, and the retired.

The unemployment rate seldom declines below 4-5 percent even during boom times. There are always people who move between different sectors of the economy or between cities. When the economy goes into recession, then unemployment can reach much higher numbers, sometimes even in the double digits.
Definition: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.

 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Labor force 9.11 2020 million people
 Unemployment rate 11.71 2020 percent
 Female unemployment 16.78 2020 percent
 Male unemployment 10.46 2020 percent
 Youth unemployment 16.05 2020 percent
 Labor force participation 41.58 2020 percent
 Labor force: percent female 19.79 2020 percent
 Female labor force participation 16.46 2020 percent
 Male labor force participation 66.69 2020 percent
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