Afghanistan: Terms of trade

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Afghanistan

Terms of trade, base year = 2000

 Latest value 106.03
 Year 2021
 Measure percent
 Data availability 2000 - 2021
 Average 90.21
 Min - Max 61.22 - 118.15
 Source The United Nations
For that indicator, we provide data for Afghanistan from 2000 to 2021. The average value for Afghanistan during that period was 90.21 percent with a minimum of 61.22 percent in 2000 and a maximum of 118.15 percent in 2020. The latest value from 2021 is 106.03 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 189 countries is 109.62 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Afghanistan - Terms of trade - recent values

Historical chart
Afghanistan - Terms of trade - historical chart - 2000-2021




The terms of trade for Afghanistan are calculated as the value of its exports as percent of the value of its imports. An increase in the terms of trade means that the value of exports is increasing relative to the value of imports. The country can afford to buy more imports with the revenue from its exports. For example, an increase in the price of oil increases (improves) the terms of trade for the oil-exporting countries and lowers it for the other countries.
Definition: Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2015.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 106.03 2021 percent
 Trade openness 50.30 2021 percent
 Exports, percent of GDP 10.84 1978 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 2.05 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 7.24 2021 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 13.87 1978 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 5.29 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 0.14 2021 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.02 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 0.00 2020 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 11.16 2020 percent
 Current account, in dollars -3.14 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -22.73 2021 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -5.51 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 9.75 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 2.10 2021 percent
 Remittances 722.23 2020 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 2,997.40 2020 million USD
 External debt 24.18 2021 percent
 Short-term external debt 11.61 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 4.46 2020 percent
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