Afghanistan: Inflation

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Inflation: percent change in the Consumer Price Index

 Latest value 2.3
 Year 2019
 Measure percent
 Data availability 2005 - 2019
 Average 6.1
 Min - Max -6.8 - 26.4
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Afghanistan from 2005 to 2019. The average value for Afghanistan during that period was 6.1 percent with a minimum of -6.8 percent in 2009 and a maximum of 26.4 percent in 2008. The latest value from 2019 is 2.3 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2019 based on 172 countries is 4.9 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Afghanistan - Inflation - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Afghanistan - Inflation - historical chart - 2005-2019

Inflation in Afghanistan and other countries is usually calculated as the percent change in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) from one year to the next. The CPI represents the prices paid by the average urban consumer in each respective country. Inflation can also be calculated with other price indexes such as the Produce Price Index or the so-called GDP deflator.

Most countries try to keep inflation somewhere around 2-3 percent per year. That is too low to cause any problems for the businesses and households. At the same time, it is comfortably away from negative inflation, i.e. from deflation. Of course, this target is often missed.
Definition: Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Inflation 2.3 2019 percent
 Exchange rate regimes 5 2021 index points
 USD exchange rate 79.0292 9/2023 Local Currency Units per USD
 Money supply (broad money) 546.48 Q3/2020 billion
 Consumer Price Index (CPI) 133.2264 9/2023 index points
 Inflation, monthly -1.24 9/2023 percent
 Inflation, annual -7.20 9/2023 percent
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