Afghanistan: Imports, percent of GDP

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Afghanistan

Imports of goods and services as percent of GDP

 Latest value 13.87
 Year 1978
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1960 - 1978
 Average 14.6
 Min - Max 7.02 - 21.41
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Afghanistan from 1960 to 1978. The average value for Afghanistan during that period was 14.6 percent with a minimum of 7.02 percent in 1960 and a maximum of 21.41 percent in 1965. The latest value from 1978 is 13.87 percent. For comparison, the world average in 1978 based on 108 countries is 36.13 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Afghanistan - Imports, percent of GDP - recent values

Historical chart
Afghanistan - Imports, percent of GDP - historical chart - 1960-1978




The imports of Afghanistan and other countries are calculated as the total amount of goods and services produced abroad and sold at home. Imports are often reported as percent of GDP so that we can evaluate their magnitude relative to the size of the economy.

If imports are about 15 percent or less of GDP the economy is considered relatively closed. That, for example, applies to the U.S. In contrast, many small European countries import over 40 percent of the products they consume. They are considered more open to international trade.
Definition: Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 106.03 2021 percent
 Trade openness 50.30 2021 percent
 Exports, percent of GDP 10.84 1978 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 2.05 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 7.24 2021 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 13.87 1978 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 5.29 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 0.14 2021 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.02 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 0.00 2020 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 11.16 2020 percent
 Current account, in dollars -3.14 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -22.73 2021 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -5.51 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 9.75 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 2.10 2021 percent
 Remittances 722.23 2020 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 2,997.40 2020 million USD
 External debt 24.18 2021 percent
 Short-term external debt 11.61 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 4.46 2020 percent
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