Afghanistan: Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Afghanistan

Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP

 Latest value 0.14
 Year 2021
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1970 - 2021
 Average 0.76
 Min - Max -0.01 - 4.37
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Afghanistan from 1970 to 2021. The average value for Afghanistan during that period was 0.76 percent with a minimum of -0.01 percent in 1977 and a maximum of 4.37 percent in 2005. The latest value from 2021 is 0.14 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 183 countries is 4.73 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Afghanistan - Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Afghanistan - Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP - historical chart - 1970-2021




Foreign direct investment in Afghanistan and other countries reflects the foreign ownership of production facilities. To be classified as foreign direct investment, the share of the foreign ownership has to be equal to at least 10 percent of the value of the company. The investment could be in manufacturing, services, agriculture, or other sectors. It could have originated as green field investment (building something new), as acquisition (buying an existing company) or joint venture (partnership).

FDI is reported on an annual basis, i.e. how much new investment was received in the country during the current year. It typically runs at about 2-3 percent of the size of the economy measured by its gross domestic product. If a country routinely receives FDI that exceeds 5-6% of GDP each year, then this is a significant success.
Definition: Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 106.03 2021 percent
 Trade openness 51.41 2021 percent
 Financial openness -1.931 2000 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 14.34 2021 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 2.67 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 7.24 2021 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 37.07 2021 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 7.90 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 0.14 2021 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.02 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 0.00 2020 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 11.16 2020 percent
 Current account, in dollars -3.14 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -22.73 2021 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -5.51 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 9.75 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 2.10 2021 percent
 Remittances 350.00 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 2,997.40 2020 million USD
 External debt 24.77 2021 percent
 Short-term external debt 11.61 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 4.46 2020 percent
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