Afghanistan: Economic growth

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Afghanistan

Economic growth: the rate of change of real GDP

 Latest value -20.7
 Year 2021
 Measure percent
 Data availability 2003 - 2021
 Average 4.75
 Min - Max -20.7 - 21.39
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Afghanistan from 2003 to 2021. The average value for Afghanistan during that period was 4.75 percent with a minimum of -20.7 percent in 2021 and a maximum of 21.39 percent in 2009. The latest value from 2021 is -20.7 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 188 countries is 5.37 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Afghanistan - Economic growth - recent values

Historical chart
Afghanistan - Economic growth - historical chart - 2003-2021




Economic growth in Afghanistan and other countries is calculated as the percent change in the GDP from one year to the next. It measures whether production has increased or decreased, and by how much.

Looking across many countries and over long periods of time, the average rate of economic growth is about 2-3 percent per year. That changes from year to year as the economy goes through recessions and expansions. However, if an economy routinely grows at about 5 percent or more per year, this is a substantial rate of economic growth. Economic growth of 7-8 percent is extraordinary.
Definition: Annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2015 prices, expressed in U.S. dollars. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Economic growth -20.70 2021 percent
 GDP, constant dollars 17.1 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 GDP, current U.S. dollars 14.58 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 GDP per capita, current dollars 363.67 2021 U.S. dollars
 GDP per capita, PPP 1,517 2021 U.S. dollars
 GDP per capita, constant dollars 426.23 2021 U.S. dollars
 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 347.01 Q3/2016 billion
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