USA: Reserves

(measure: billion U.S. dollars; source: The World Bank)

USA: Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD

: For that indicator, The World Bank provides data for the USA from 1960 to 2015. The average value for the USA during that period was 154.77 billion U.S. dollars with a minumum of 14.83 billion U.S. dollars in 1971 and a maximum of 383.73 billion U.S. dollars in 2015. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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The reserves of the USA and other countries include their holdings of foreign currencies and gold. These are the reserves of the central bank and the treasury of the country, not the private sector.

When countries export products or attract investment from other countries, they receive foreign currencies. They use some of these currencies to buy imports and to invest in other countries. The rest is held in reserves and some of the reserves may be converted to gold.

Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
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