The Economy of Syria

Economic Development
GDP per capita in USD or in PPP terms may be an incomplete measure of social welfare. For a more comprehensive indicator, we could look at the Human Development Index developed by the United Nations. The HDI ranges from 0 (low development) to 1 (high development) and reflects income as well as life expectancy and education. The value of the Human Development Index for Syria in 2014 is 0.594, rank 133 in the world.
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year
Human Development Index 0.594 133 2014


International Trade and Investment
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year


Financial System
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year


Rule of Law
The World Bank publishes a very useful index called "Rule of Law" that captures perceptions of the extent to which people in Syria and other countries have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The index has been compiled for many years and is comparable across countries. You can click on the link to it in the table and explore its trends for Syria over time as well as its components. It ranges from -2.5 (weak rule of law) to 2.5 (strong rule of law). The rule of law in Syria is scored at -1.34 in 2015, rank 180 globally.

Transparency International is an NGO that has tracked the perceptions of corruption in many countries for many years. For each country, they collect data from multiple surveys and produce a composite measure: the "Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index." The index ranges from 0 (pervasive corruption) to 100 (no corruption). Based on 2015 data, the value of that indicator for Syria is 18 which places Syria at position 152 in the world.

The "Civil Liberties" index published annually by the Freedom House measures the freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The range is from 1 (strong civil rights) to 7 (weak civil rights). On that count, the score for Syria in 2014 was 7.
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year
Rule of law, -2.5 (weak) - 2.5 (strong) -1.34 180 2014
Corruption Perceptions Index, 0 (high corruption) - 100 (low corruption) 18 152 2015
Civil Liberties, 1 (strong) - 7(weak) 7 See world ranking 2014


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