The Economy of Syria

Economic Development
GDP per capita in USD or in PPP terms may be an incomplete measure of social welfare. For a more comprehensive indicator, we could look at the Human Development Index developed by the United Nations. The HDI ranges from 0 (low development) to 1 (high development) and reflects income as well as life expectancy and education. The value of the Human Development Index for Syria in 2014 is 0.59, rank 133 in the world.
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year
Human Development Index 0.59 133 2014


International Trade and Investment
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year


Financial System
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year


Rule of Law
The World Bank publishes a very useful index called "Rule of Law" that captures perceptions of the extent to which people in Syria and other countries have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The index has been compiled for many years and is comparable across countries. You can click on the link to it in the table and explore its trends for Syria over time as well as its components. It ranges from -2.5 (weak rule of law) to 2.5 (strong rule of law). The rule of law in Syria is scored at -1.34 in 2015, rank 178 globally.

Transparency International is an NGO that has tracked the perceptions of corruption in many countries for many years. For each country, they collect data from multiple surveys and produce a composite measure: the "Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index." The index ranges from 0 (pervasive corruption) to 100 (no corruption). Based on 2015 data, the value of that indicator for Syria is 18.00 which places Syria at position 152 in the world.

The "Civil Liberties" index published annually by the Freedom House measures the freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The range is from 1 (strong civil rights) to 7 (weak civil rights). On that count, the score for Syria in 2014 was 7.00.
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year
Rule of law, -2.5 (weak) - 2.5 (strong) -1.34 178 2014
Corruption Perceptions Index, 0 (high corruption) - 100 (low corruption) 18.00 152 2015
Civil Liberties, 1 (strong) - 7(weak) 7.00 See world ranking 2014


Main economic indicators
Economic growth: the rate of change of real GDP
Gross Domestic Product, billions of U.S. dollars
Gross Domestic Product, billions of 2010 U.S. dollars
GDP per capita, current U.S. dollars
Human Development Index (0 - 1)
Inflation: percent change in the Consumer Price Index
Capital investment as percent of GDP
Capital investment, billion USD
Household consumption as percent of GDP
Household consumption, billion USD
Savings as percent of GDP
Savings, billion USD
External debt, percent of Gross National Income
Government spending as percent of GDP
Government spending, billion USD
Government budget balance as percent of GDP
Value added by industry as percent of GDP
Value added by the manufacturing sector as percent of GDP
Value added in the services sector as percent of GDP
Industry value added, billion USD
Manufacturing value added, billion USD
Services value added, billion USD
Shares of world totals
International transactions
Labor force
Infrastructure and transport
Energy and environment
Agriculture
Financial system
Innovation
Taxes
Governance and political system
Economic freedom
Health
Education
Globalization
Country risk
Industry: Oil, coal, and electricity
Oil reserves, billion barrels
Oil production, thousand barrels per day
Gasoline production, thousand barrels per day
Jet fuel production, thousand barrels per day
Liquefied petroleum gas production, thousand barrels per day
Oil consumption, thousand barrels per day
Gasoline consumption, thousand barrels per day
Jet fuel consumption, thousand barrels per day
Liquefied petroleum gas consumption, thousand barrels per day
Coal production, thousand short tons
Coal consumption, thousand short tons
Coal imports, thousand short tons
Coal exports, thousand short tons
Electricity production, billion kilowatthours
Nuclear power generation, billion kilowatthours
Hydroelectricity generation, billion kilowatthours
Electricity consumption, billion kilowatthours
Electricity production capacity, million kilowatts
Electricity imports, billion kilowatthours
Electricity exports, billion kilowatthours
Renewable power generation, billion kilowatthours
Renewable power consumption, billion kilowatthours
Crime
Religions
Other indicators