The Population of Greece

Population size
As of 2015, the population of Greece was 10.82 million people which equates to 0.15 percent of the world population. In terms of population size, Greece ranks at place 80 globally. You can click on the link in the table to explore how the size of the population has changed over time.

According to data from the United Nations Population Division, 77.68 percent of the people in Greece live in urban areas. Globally, the share of the urban population has been increasing in recent decades, reaching about 55 percent, at the expense of the rural population. In Greece, the share of the population living in rural areas is 22.32 percent, which places the country at rank 150 in the world.
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year
Population size, in millions 10.82 80 2015
Share of world population 0.15 78 2014
Percent urban population 77.68 48 2014
Percent rural population 22.32 150 2014


Age composition
In general, the age composition of the population in Greece can be described by the age dependency ratio. This indicator measures the ratio of dependent people (people younger than 15 or older than 64) to the working-age population. A higher ratio may lead to increased pressure on the working-age population to maintain the health, social security and education costs for the economically dependent. In terms of age dependency ratio, Greece ranks at place 76 globally with a value of 56.25 percent in 2015.

The World Bank provides data on the shares of different age groups in the total population. Globally, the share of children (ages 0-14) has been decreasing since the 1960s to about 25 percent. In Greece, children make up 14.60 percent of the population, which ranks the country at place 171 in the world. In terms of the percent of the population ages 64 and above, Greece is at place 3 in the world. In 2015, 21.40 percent of the people in Greece were at age 64 or above. We should note that the world population has been ageing: the percent of people ages 64 and over has increased from 4 percent in 1960 to over 8 percent in recent years.
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year
Age dependency ratio 56.25 76 2015
Population ages 0-14, percent of total 14.60 171 2015
Population ages 65 and above, percent of total 21.40 3 2015


Gender
According to data by the United Nations Population Division, women make up 51.21 percent of the population in Greece. In terms of the female population share, Greece ranks at place 34 globally. Back in 1960, there were equal numbers of men and women in the world but since then the share of women in the world population has been decreasing slowly but steadily.

In order to measure the gender equality in Greece, we can look at the percentage of women in the labor force. This indicator represents the share of women in the economically active population. In 2014, 42.83 percent of the total labor force in Greece were women, which places the country at rank 101 globally. We can measure the gender equality in the decision-making process in government by studying the indicator Percent of women in parliament, provided by the Inter-Parliamentary Union. In terms of this indicator, Greece is at rank 90 in the world. In 2015, 19.70 percent of the parliamentary seats in Greece were held by women.
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year
Female population, percent of total 51.21 34 2015
Labor force, percent female 42.83 101 2014
Women in parliament, percent 19.70 90 2015


Health
The World Bank provides data on the health status of the population in Greece and many other countries around the world. A base indicator used for determining the physical quality of life in a given country is the life expectancy. Here we use data on the so-called life expectancy at birth which measures the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. Globally, there is a clearly expressed upward trend in life expectancy over the years. In 2014, the life expectancy in Greece was 81.29 years, rank 23 in the world. Ususally, the life expectancy in wealthier and more developed countries is higher than in poorer and less developed countries.

The death and birth rates are widely used indicators of the health status of the population. The crude mortality rate measures the number of deaths over the year divided by the population exposed to risk of death in the same year. In Greece, the number of deaths per 1000 people during 2014 was 10.50. In terms of this indicator, Greece ranks at place 32 globally. The 2014 birth rate in Greece, i.e. the number of live births per 1,000 people, was 8.50. That value ranks the country at place 188 in the world. Globally, the birth rate has declined from over 35 percent in the 1960's to below 20 percent.
Indicator
Value
Global rank
Year
Life expectancy, in years 81.29 23 2014
Death rate, per 1000 people 10.50 32 2014
Birth rate, per 1000 people 8.50 188 2014


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